Tamgalytas and Kaishy are Lamaist cult sites of in Zhetusy

 

DOI: 10.31551/2410-2725-2018-4-3-394-411

 

Grigoriev Fedor Pavlovich

Head of the archaeology collection of the register of monuments NIPP of RSE «Kazrestavratsiya». Republic of Kazakhstan, 050002, Almaty, Gogol str., 37. E-mail: restavracia@mail.ru.

 

Ualtayeva Altyn Slamkaydarovna

Candidate of historical sciences, the Associated Professor, Leading scientific Employee of the Ch. Valikhanov Institute of History and Ethnology. E-mail: altyn.lazzat@mail.ru

 

Zheleznyakov Boris Anatolevich

Doctoral candidate PhD of the al-Farabi State University, Senior scientific Employee of the A. Margulan Institute of Archaeology. E-mail: boriszheleznyakov@mail.ru

 

Abstract. Article is devoted to history of researching of the unique site of Buddhist culture known in science more than one and a half centuries - Tamgalytas, situated in Talgar district of Almaty region. Images of Lamaist deities and the cut numerous Tibetian and Dzungarian pray inscriptions on fragments of rocks of the natural boundary Tamgalytas are scientifically described. The analysis of both national and foreign historiographical material in which this site of the Buddhism was investigated is made. Conclusions on structure, an iconography and art style of images of language, calligraphy, technology of execution and maintenance of inscriptions are drawn on the basis of what the prospects of further studying of history and several stages of formation of the sanctuary Tamgalytas are designated. Also the brief description of the site of Kaishy in Zhetusy Alatau Mountains gives.

Keywords: Tamgalytas; Kaishy; Buddhist culture; Tibet and Dzungarian pray inscriptions; Manla Buddha.

 

Тамғалытас және Қайша – Жетісудағы ламаистік табынудың ескерткіштері

 

Григорьев Федор Павлович 

 «Қазқайтажаңарту» ЖЖҚ ҒЗМ ескерткіш бөлімі археология секторының меңгерушісі. Қазақстан Республикасы, 050002, Алматы қ, Гоголь к, 37. E-mail: restavracia@mail.ru.

 

Уалтаева Алтын Слямкайдаровна

тарих ғылымдарының кандидаты, ҚР БҒМ ҒК Ш.Уәлиханов атындағы тарих және этнология Институтының жетекші ғылыми қызметкері. Қазақстан Республикасы, 480021, Алматы қ, Шевченко, 28. E-mail: ualtayeva_altyn@mail.ru.

 

Железняков Борис Анатольевич

Әл-Фараби атындағы қазақ ұлттық университетінің докторанты, ҚР БҒМ ҒК Ә.Х. .Марғұлан атындағы тарих және этнология Институтының аға ғылыми қызметкері. Астана қ. Қазақстан Республикасы, 010000, Астана қ, Республика д, 24. E-mail: boriszheleznyakov@mail.ru

 

Аңдатпа. Бұл мақалада ғылымның көп жылдық тарихы бар, Будда мәдениетінің бірегей ескерткішінің тарихына арналған, ол ғылымдарда 500-ден астам ғасырлар бойы белгілі - Алматы облысының Талғар ауданында орналасқан Тамғалытас. Тамғалытас  үзінділерде ламаисттік құдайлардың ғылыми суреттемелері бейнеленген және көптеген Тибет-Жоңғар дұға жазулары жазылған. Буддизмнің осы ескерткіші зерттелген отандық және шетелдік тарихи материалға талдау жасалды. Қорытындылар тілдік бейнелер, иконографиясы және көркемдік стилі, жазулардың мазмұны, оның негізінде тарихты әрі қарай зерделеу перспективалары және Тамғаласу ғибадатханасының қалыптасуының бірнеше кезеңдері көрсетіледі. Сондай-ақ Жетісу Алатауындағы Қаишаға арналған ескерткіштің қысқаша сипаттамасы берілген.

Түйін сөздер: Тамғалытас; Қаиша; Будда мәдениеті; Тибет-Жоңғар дұға жазулары; Манла будда.

 

 

Тамгалытас и Кайши – памятники ламаистского культа в Жетысу

 

Григорьев Федор Павлович 

заведующий сектором археологии Отдела Свода памятников НИПФ РГП «Казреставрация». Республика Казахстан, 050002, г. Алматы, Гоголя, 37. E-mail: restavracia@mail.ru.

 

Уалтаева Алтын Слямкайдаровна

кандидат исторических наук, ведущий научный сотрудник Института истории и этнологии имени Ч.Ч. Валиханова КН МОН РК. Республика Казахстан, 480021, г. Алматы, Шевченко, 28. E-mail: ualtayeva_altyn@mail.ru.

 

Железняков Борис Анатольевич

докторант Казахского национального университета имени аль-Фараби, старший научный сотрудник филиала Института археологии имени А.Х. Маргулана КН МОН РК в г.Астана. Республика Казахстан, 010000, г.Астана, пр.Республики, 24. E-mail: boriszheleznyakov@mail.ru

 

Абстракт. Статья посвящена истории уникального памятника буддийской культуры, имеющего длительную историю изучения, известного в науке уже более полутора столетий - Тамгалытас, находящегося в Талгарском районе Алматинской области. Научно описаны изображения ламаистских божеств и высеченных многочисленных тибето-джунгарских молитвенных надписей на обломках скал урочища Тамгалытас. Сделан анализ как отечественного, так и зарубежного историографического материала, в котором исследовался этот памятник буддизма. Сделаны выводы по составу, иконографии и художественному стилю изображений языка, каллиграфии, техники исполнения и содержания надписей, на основе чего обозначены перспективы дальнейшего изучения истории и нескольких этапах формирования святилища Тамгалытас. Дается и краткое описание памятника Кайши в Жетысуйском Алатау.

Ключевые слова: Тамгалытас; Кайши; буддийская культура; тибето-джунгарские молитвенные надписи; Манла Будда.

Для цитирования:

Григорьев Ф., Уалтаева А., Железняков Б. Тамгалытас и Кайши – памятники ламаистского культа в Жетысу.//Мир Большого Алтая 2018. Т.4. №3. С. 394-411. https://www.journalaltai.com/4-3-2018  DOI:10.31551/2410-2725-2018-4-3-394-411

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© 2016. С. Аманжолов атыңдағы ШҚМУ

© 2016. S.Amanzholov named EKSU

© 2016. ВКГУ имени С.Аманжолова

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