Socketed Two-bladed Arrowheads of the Scythian Type from the Burial Grounds of Azerbaijan and their Connection with the Burial Rites of Aral Sea Region

 

Hasanov Zaur

PhD, Senior Researcher, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. H. Cavid pr. 115., Baku, Az-1143, Azerbaijan. Email: zaurmail@gmail.com

 

Summary. The paper is dedicated to the socketed two-bladed arrowheads of the Scythian type from the eastern part of the North and South Caucasus. Archaeological complexes (and their rituals) from which the two-bladed arrowheads originate are described. In Mingechaur and Apsheron the ceramic vessels were located near the feet of the deceased. This ritual has parallels in Uigarak. The most archaic rhomboid two-bladed arrowheads originate from the burials, without iron objects, in Yonjaly necropolis in Sheki. Craniometric data from the neighboring Tepebashy necropolis in Sheki, shows similarity with the sculls of parallel groups of Sakas from the Aral Sea vicinity. In the same necropolis there were found collective burials with the traces of fire ritual, which have parallels in the Sacar-Chaga 6 burial ground.

Keywords. Socketed two-bladed arrowheads; Azerbaijan; South Aral Area; Sakar-Chaga 6; Uigarak; Early Scythian period.

DOI:10.31551/2410-2725-2018-4-1-124-151

Әзербайжанның жерлеу орындарынан табылған скифтердің екіқанатты ұңғымалы жебе ұштары мен олардың Арал маңындағы жерлеу салтымен байланысы

Гасанов Заур Гасан-оғлы

PhD, Жетекші ғылыми қызметкер, Әзібайжан Ұлттық ғылым академиясының археология және этнография Институты. H. Cavid pr. 115., Baku, Az-1143, Azerbaijan. Email: zaurmail@gmail.com

 

Аңдатпа. Бұл жұмыста Солтүстік және Оңтүстік Кавказдың шығыс бөлігінен скифтер түрінің екі жүзді жебелерін талдаймыз. Екі жүзді скифтік жебелер табылған кешендер (және олардың рәсімдері) сипатталған. Мингечаур және Абшеронда керамикалық ыдыстар жерленгендердің аяқ тұсына орнатылған, дәл осындай сәйкестік Уйгарахта анық байқалады. Темір заттар жоқ қорымдардың ішіндегі ең көнесі Шекидегі Йонджали мазарындағы екі жүзді ромбалы жебелер. Көрші Тепебаши мазарында Арал аймағындағы сақ тайпаларының синхронды топтарына ұқсастығы бар сүйектер табылды. Осы жерде оңтүстік өңірлердегі Сакар-Чаг 6 қорымына ұқсас от ғұрпының іздері бар ұжымдық көму бар.

Кілт сөздер: екіқанатты ұңғымалы жебе ұштары; Әзірбайжан; Арал маңы; Сакар-чага 6; Уйгарак; скиф архаикасы.

 

Двухлопастные втульчатые наконечники стрел скифского типа из захоронений Азербайджана и их связь с обрядом погребения Приаралья

 

Гасанов Заур Гасан-оглу

PhD, Ведущий научный сотрудник, Институт археологии и этнографии Национальной академии наук Азербайджана. H. Cavid pr. 115, Baku, Az-1143, Azerbaijan. Email: zaurmail@gmail.com

 

Аннотация.

В работе анализируются втульчатые двухлопастные наконечники стрел скифского типа из восточной части Северного и Южного Кавказа, описываются комплексы (и их ритуалы), из которых происходят двухлопастные скифские стрелы. В Мингечауре и Апшероне керамические сосуды устанавливались в ногах погребенных, что также прослеживается в Уйгараке. Из погребений без железных предметов, найденных в некрополе Йонджалы в Шеки, происходят наиболее архаические двухлопастные ромбические наконечники стрел. В соседнем некрополе Тепебаши обнаружены черепа, имеющие сходство с синхронными группами сакских племен из Приаралья, отсюда же происходят коллективные погребения со следами огненного ритуала, имеющие параллели в могильнике Сакарчага 6 в Южном Приаралье.

Ключевые слова:

втульчатые двухлопастные наконечники стрел; Азербайджан; Приаралье; Сакар-чага 6; Уйгарак; скифская архаика

 

 

 

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  • Skoryj 2003 – Skoryj, SA 2003, Skify v Dneprovskoj Pravoberezhnoj lesostepi,  b.i, Kiev, 161 s. (Skoryj, SA 2003, Skythians in the Dnieper right-Bank forest-steppe, Kiev, 161 s). (in Rus).

  • Stantchev Dimitar 2000 – Stantchev, D 2000, Warrior Burial in the Lower Course of the Yantra, Tombes tumulaires de l’ Age du Fer dans le Sud-Est de l’Europe, N1, P.35-44. (in Eng).

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  • Tairov 2007 – Tairov, AD 2007, Kochevniki Uralo-Kazahstanskih stepeĭ v VII-VI vv. do n.eh., Izd-vo YUUrGU, Chelyabinsk, 274 s. (Tairov, AD 2007, Nomads of Ural-Kazakhstan steppes in VII-VI centuries BC, Izd-vo YUUrGU, Chelyabinsk, 274 s). (in Rus).

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  • YAblonskij 1996 – Yablonskij, LT 1996, Saki YUzhnogo Priaral'ya (Arheologiya i antropologiya mogil'nikov), IA RAN, Moscow, 186 s. (Yablonskij, LT 1996, Saki of the southern Aral sea region (Archeology and anthropology of burial grounds), IA RAN, Moscow, 186 s). (in Rus).

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  • Zenobij 1948 – Zenobij 1948, Sokrashchenie iz [sbornikov] poslovic [Lukilla] Tarrejskogo i Didima, sostavlen-noe v alfavitnom poryadke, Vestnik drevnej istorii, №4, S. 289-291. (Zenobij 1948, The reduction of [collections of] Proverbs [Lucilla] Carrascoso and Didyma, drawn-ing in alphabetical order, Bulleten of the ancient history, №4, S.289-291). (in Rus).

© 2016. С. Аманжолов атыңдағы ШҚМУ

© 2016. S.Amanzholov named EKSU

© 2016. ВКГУ имени С.Аманжолова

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