Daggers and swords of early Sarmatian shape with ellipsoidal handles in Central Asia

 

Ivanov Sergei Sergeevich

Candidate of History, Associate professor of Zh. Balasagyn Kyrgyz National University. The Kyrgyz Republic, 720033, Bishkek, st. of Frunze, 547. E-mail: sergioiv@mail.ru.

 

Abstract. The article is devoted to distribution of phenomenon on a number of iron daggers and swords of early Sarmatian shape from Central Asia of special type of the handles having the ellisoid form. The highest concentration of similar bladed weapon is fixed in Tien Shan, but separate samples also are in Northern Bactria (the Southern Tajikistan) and in Fergana. Daggers and swords with similar handles are noted in the antiquities of early Sarmatian culture in the Southern Cisurals and Trans-Ural regions and also in the territory of the cultures of Scythian image of Sayan-Altay. The chronology of bladed weapon with similar handles is kept within the IV-III centuries and is the reliable chronological indicator for monuments from which its samples are known.

Key words: early nomads; arms; daggers and swords; ellipsoid handles.

DOI:10.31551/2410-2725-2018-4-1-166-176

Орта Азияның эллипстәрізді тұтқаға ие ертесармат кейпіндегі қанжарлары мен қылыштары

 

Иванов Сергей Сергеевич

тарих ғылымдарының кандидаты, Ж.Баласағұн атындағы Қырғыз ұлттық университетінің доценті.

Қырғыз Республикасы, 720033, Бішкек қ, Фрунзе к, 547. E-mail: sergioiv@mail.ru.                                                                                       

 

Аңдатпа. Мақала жалпы алғанда, эллипс пішінді ерекше тұтқалы ерте сарматтық темір қанжарлар мен қылыштардың Орталық Азиядан таралу феноменіне арналған. Мұндай қарудың ең үлкен концентрациясы Тянь-Шань маңы аймағында тіркеледі, бірақ кейбір үлгілер Солтүстік Бактрияда (Тәжікстанның оңтүстігіндегі) және Ферғана маңында кездеседі. Осындай тұтқалары бар қанжарлар мен қылыштар ертедегі сарматтық мәдениеттің көне дәуірінде Оңтүстік Орал маңында және Оралдың арғы бетінде, сондай-ақ скифтік нысандары Саян-Алтайдың аумағында кездеседі. Осындай тұтқалары бар пышақ қаруының хронологиясы IV-III ғасырларға сәйкес келеді және оның үлгілері белгілі ескерткіштерге арналған сенімді хронологиялық көрсеткіш болып табылады.

Кілт сөздер: ерте көшпелілер; қарулану; қанжарлар мен қылыштар; эллипстәрізді тұтқалар.

 

Кинжалы и мечи раннесарматского облика с эллипсоидными рукоятями в Средней Азии

 

Иванов Сергей Сергеевич

кандидат исторических наук, доцент Кыргызского национального университета имени Ж. Баласагына. Кыргызская Республика, 720033, г. Бишкек, ул. Фрунзе, 547. E-mail: sergioiv@mail.ru.                                                                                       

 

Аннотация.

Статья посвящена анализу особого типа рукоятей железных кинжалов и мечей раннесарматского облика из Средней Азии. Наибольшая концентрация подобного клинкового оружия фиксируется в Притяньшанье, но отдельно похожие образцы также есть в Северной Бактрии (Южный Таджикистан) и Приферганье. Кинжалы и мечи с аналогичными рукоятями отмечаются в древностях раннесарматской культуры в Южном Приуралье и Зауралье, а также на территории культур скифского облика Саяно-Алтая. Хронология клинкового оружия с подобными рукоятями укладывается в IV-III вв. и является надежным хронологическим индикатором для памятников, из которых известны его образцы.

Ключевые слова:

ранние кочевники; вооружение; кинжалы и мечи; эллипсоидные рукояти

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© 2016. С. Аманжолов атыңдағы ШҚМУ

© 2016. S.Amanzholov named EKSU

© 2016. ВКГУ имени С.Аманжолова

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